Seven Important Life Lessons Teaching Strategies Gold Blank Lesson Plan Template Taught Us | Teaching Strategies Gold Blank Lesson Plan Template
Monique van GigchBoston, MassachusettsDecember 2001Copyright 2001
Special acclaim goes to a cardinal of bodies that contributed cogent aspects, ideas, or afflatus to this chic unit. Acclimatized acknowledgment to Barbara Brown, coordinator at the African Studies Center, Boston University, and all the speakers at the summer/fall 2001 African History Institute. Acclaim goes to the Teachers Chic Institute for their chic assemblage Empires and Kingdoms of Sub-Saharan Africa, from which I excerpted two lessons. Acclimatized acclaim additionally goes to the authors of the three versions of the Sundiata ballsy that provides both afflatus and a focus for this unit. Acclimatized accepting goes to Carol Bearse, Chic Coordinator for the ESL/Bilingual Program at Fuller Average School, Framingham, MA, for her basic contributions to the acquaint on Sundiata and anniversary our ancestors. Acknowledgment additionally to Lenna Dower, Milton Academy, for administration her assemblage on Sundiata. See the Abecedary Assets in the addendum for added sources.
Ancient West Africa: An Introduction, advised for the average grades (6 – 8), uses a abstract approach. The three areas of focus are concrete geography, the gold barter of age-old West Africa, and the ballsy of Sundiata of Mali. The assemblage applies the Five Capacity of Cartography throughout. Strategies for acceptance with acclimatized needs and acceptance accepting English are additionally applied.
The primary purpose of this assemblage is to acquaint acceptance to West African ability and history. Aural this objective, the assemblage additionally hopes to:
Prior to this unit, acceptance will accept advised the aurora of bodies in Africa; Age-old Egypt; and age-old empires that continued into Africa (including empires of Greece, Alexander the Great, Phoenicia, and Rome).
After this unit, acceptance will abstraction U.S. history alpha with the thirteen colonies, including the Atlantic bondservant barter and influences of West African ability on the Americas.
During this unit, acceptance will:
(Approximately 30-60 minutes)
Materials: Clear organizers (word-splash web, Afore & Afterwards Reading, and pre-unit cant assessment)
Purpose: To actuate and appraise above-mentioned ability and assay misconceptions.
Procedure: Acceptance will complete the clear organizers. Use the organizers for chic altercation and to actuate analysis questions. If appropriate, use apprentice responses to acclimate lessons. Retain the organizers to assay understands at the achievement of the unit.
(Approximately 30-45 minutes)
Materials: Advertisement “100 Generic Cartography Questions;
Purpose: To analysis the 5 capacity of cartography so that acceptance may administer them in the Africa unit.
Procedure: Analysis the 5 themes, briefly authentic below. Use the advertisement for acceptance to convenance with capacity accustomed to them, such as their home, school, and town.
Location: The breadth affair helps acknowledgment the catechism “Where is it?”
Place: The affair of abode answers the catechism “What is the abode like?” Places can be declared by their concrete characteristics such as climate, mountains, deserts, bodies of water, plants, and animals. Places can additionally be declared by their animal characteristics, such as abounding bodies alive in a place, what accent they speak, and what they do for a living.
Human-Environmental Interaction: The affair of human-environmental alternation deals with how bodies use, acclimate to, or change their environment.
Movement: The affair of movement looks at how people, objects, and account are affiliated to places through movement.
Regions: The affair of regions looks at places disconnected and authentic by concrete or animal characteristics or categories.
(Approximately ½ hour)
Purpose: To acquaint Africa as a huge and assorted accountable that we cannot absolutely abstraction and accept in this unit.
Geography Themes: Breadth & Place.
Procedure: Acceptance will briefly appraise a alternation of maps of Africa to acknowledge the following:
(Approximately 1 ½ – 2 hours)
Purpose: To acquaint acceptance to simple concrete cartography of the African abstemious and some examples of how Africans acclimatized to their assorted environments.
Primary Cartography Themes: Regions & Human-Environment Interaction
Procedure: Hunt the procedures categorical below.
(Approximately 45-60 minutes)
Purpose: To apprentice about the age-old West African gold trade. For acceptance to see and apprehend some of the people, architecture, geography, clothing, music, dance, and added aspects of West African cultures, including the age-old ascendancy of Mali (which is the focus of approaching lessons).
Primary Cartography Theme: Movement
(Approximately 1 week: 4 – 5 periods)
Purpose: For acceptance to apprentice the African traditions of anniversary ancestors and articulate abstract by audition a composition and an ballsy chance of West Africa. Acceptance will deepen their compassionate of cultural traditions and political history of Mali including account for elders, music, clothing, and the acceleration and abatement of kingdoms.
Primary Cartography Theme: Place.
Procedure: Hunt the instructions in the afterward genitalia to the lesson.
(Approximately ½ period)
(Approximately 1 – 1 ½ periods)
(Approximately 1 1/2 periods)
(Approximately 2 periods)
Purpose: To ensure all acceptance accept the basal artifice and chance band of Sundiata. To beautify the altercation and claiming acceptance by abacus excerpts from a acceptable griot arrangement of the epic. To acquiesce acceptance to appoint the ballsy kinesthetically and internalize it by assuming scenes.
Purpose: To abide belief the history of the Malian Ascendancy through the chance of a afterwards king, Mansa Musa. See the Abecedary Assets for abstracts to use for this lesson.
(Approximately 2 – 3 periods in chic & homework)
Primary Cartography Theme: Place
Purpose: Inspired by the ballsy storytelling of Sundiata and the Senegalese composition “Breaths” , acceptance will actualize abandoned projects to account their ancestors, cultures, or traditions. This will acquiesce acceptance to administer their understandings from this assemblage to their own lives. The abandoned projects will serve as assessments of learning.
Water is a defining agency for activity in Africa. Find the equator on your map of Africa. Forth the equator is a force alleged the “tropical aggregation zone” breadth the coaction amid the concrete cartography and the atmospheric altitude beggarly lots of turbulence, which agency RAIN! Lots of RAIN! Rain all year long. The “tropical aggregation zone” bounces up and bottomward like a yo-yo, sometimes affective north, sometimes affective south. So bodies move to hunt the alter aftereffect – absent to use the rain to their advantage for living, afterward agrarian bold animals, growing crops, or adopting livestock animals.
In the African climate, the best cogent agency is rainfall. Forth the equator, rain all the time. In the blow of Africa, rain is seasonal; winter is the dry season, summer is the backing season. Remember the four zones: close rainforest (most rain, forth equator), savanna (both sides, arctic and south of the rainforest), the semiarid (between the savanna and the desert), and the deserts.
Access to water, rain or baptize bodies, acutely afflicted the lives of Africans. For example, in the close rainforest, the tsetse fly asleep calm animals like horses and cattle, so armies based on army and beasts farmers could not abide in the close zones. Also, in the close zones, diseases like malaria annihilate abounding people, admitting the Africans begin herbal/plant medicines to advice alleviate malaria.
Movement is an important cartography theme. Movement includes the movement of people, goods, and ideas.
In age-old Africa, river and sea systems were analytical to age-old African barter and cultural exchanges aural Africa as able-bodied as with cultures in Europe, Arabia, India, and as far abroad as China. For example, forth the Indian Ocean, cloudburst apprehension agitated barter boats south forth the east bank of Africa from November to March, and arctic from April to October. The Red Sea and the Nile River affiliated Africa and the apple about the Mediterranean Sea.
However, don’t anticipate of the Saharan Arid as a barrier to barter and cultural exchange! The Sahara acclimated to be wetter. Age-old Saharan arid cavern assets appearance that the arid acclimated to be an breadth with added water.
For bags of years, the Berber bodies of northwest Africa beyond the Sahara to barter and for cultural exchanges. Then, in about AD 300, the Romans brought an important technology to the Sahara. Any abstraction what? The camel! Romans bare African atom to augment the Empire.
The Berber people, who had been bridge the Sahara for hundreds of years afore the Romans came, creatively acclimatized the biscuit to the Sahara to accomplish barter easier. A above allocation of the barter beyond the Sahara was for gold and salt. Alkali was so valuable, it was acclimated as money in trade.
Social StudiesMs. van Gigch
Name ______________________Section _____________________Date _______________________
Major African Baptize Bodies:Check off aback you accept located, drawn, and labeled the following:____ Nile River____ Lake Victoria____ Mediterranean Sea____ Atlantic Ocean____ Indian Ocean____ Red Sea____ Niger River____ Congo River
Four Above Concrete Cartography Regions/Zones:Check off aback you accept fatigued & atramentous the zones and key:
____ Close Rainforest____ Savanna/Grasslands____ Semiarid (northern band of semiarid is alleged The Sahel)____ Deserts
____ color-code your key
Resources:African Studies Center, Boston University, Boston, MA (to borrow abstracts and accept training)
Curricula:Teachers’ Chic Institute. Empires and Kingdoms of Sub-Saharan Africa (for slides and acquaint on geography; archetype can be adopted from B.U. African Studies Centermost or purchased from TCI)
Videos:Davidson, Basil.“Africa: Chance of a Continent, Program 3: Caravans of Gold” R.M. Arts, 1984. (available from Social Studies Service)
Books:Burns, Khephra, author, Dillon, Leo & Diane, illustrators, Mansa Musa: The Bobcat of Mali, Gulliver Books, Harcourt, Inc., San Diego, 2001. (children’s account book)
Hamdun, Said, and King, Noel. Ibn Battuta in Atramentous Africa, Markus Wiener Publishers, Princeton, 1975. (for primary sources on Mansa Musa)Haskins, James, Benson, Kathleen, authors, Cooper, Floyd, illustrator, African Beginnings, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books, Morrow, New York, 1998. (children’s history book)Lomax, Alan and Abdul, Raoul, eds. 3000 Years of Atramentous Poetry: An Anthology. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. 1970. See composition Breaths by Diop, Birago.Niane,D.T. Sundiata, An Ballsy of Old Mali, Longman, England, 1960. (translated from an articulate arrangement of the ballsy by a griot)Shillington, Kevin. History of Africa. St. Martin’s Press, New York. 1995. (teacher resource)Wisniewski,David. Sundiata, Bobcat Baron of Mali, Clarion Books, New York, 1992. (children’s account book adaptation of epic)
Periodicals:Coulson,David. “Ancient Art of the Sahara”, Civic Geographic, Vol. 195, No. 6, June 1999, pages 100 – 119. (rock art of Sahara shows moister period)Lange, Karen E. and Leen, Sarah. “Djenne, West Africa’s Eternal City” , Civic Geographic, June 2001, pages 100 – 117.Logan, Roberta A. “Sundiata of Mali”, in Calliope, January/February 1994, Cobblestone Publishers.
Miscellaneous:Map of African accent groups ( “messy map” – source?)“100 Generic Cartography Questions” by Ginny Wilkins, Colorado Cartography Alliance member
Music:Diabata, Toumani with Sissoko, Ballake, New Age-old Strings, Rykodisc, 1999. (CD of acceptable griot & kora music)Sangare, Oumou, Moussoulou, Apple Circuit/Nonesuch, 1990. (CD of abreast changeable diva from Mali from a griot family)Sweet Honey in the Rock, Good
Students are in six amalgamate groups. (Group admeasurement and allocation of scenes can be acclimatized depending on the cardinal of acceptance per class.)
Student NamesGriot (storyteller) ___________________________________Griot’s Admirers ____________________________________
Student NamesKing Maghan (Sundiata’s father) ____________________Hunter(s) _______________________________________Sogolon (Sundiata’s mother) _______________________
Student NamesSogolon (Sundiata’s mother) __________________________Sundiata (as a child) ________________________________Sassouma (King’s aboriginal wife) ___________________________
Student NamesKing Maghan (Sundiata’ father) ________________________Sundiata (as a child) ________________________________Griot (storyteller) ___________________________________
Student NamesSassouma (King’s aboriginal wife) ___________________________Witch(es) __________________________________________Sundiata ___________________________________________
Student NamesSundiata _________________________________________Sogolon (Sundiata’s mother) _________________________King of Mema _____________________________________
Student NamesSundiata ______________________________________Balla Fasseke (griot) _____________________________Nana Triban (Sundiata’s sister) _____________________Sumanguru (King of Sosso) ________________________
Student NamesSundiata ________________________________________Balla Fasseke (griot) ______________________________Crowd _________________________________________
Main Characters: the Griot & admirers members
Key QuestionWhat is the job of the griot?
The job of the griot is ______________________________________________
Main Characters: Baron Maghan, hunters, Sogolon
Key QuestionWhy did the Baron ally Sogolon?
King Maghan Kon Fatta affiliated the bulge woman alleged Sogolon Kedjou because
Vocabulary for Niane altercation excerptssuccessor: actuality who will hunt in that positionravaging: destroyingvanquisher: conqueror
Main Characters: Sogolon,Sundiata, Sassouma
Key QuestionWhy was Sassouma anxious of Sogolon aback Sundiata was born?
Sassouma was anxious because
Main Characters: King, Sundiata, griot
Why did Baron Maghan accomplish his son Sundiata his beneficiary alike admitting Sundiata was not his aboriginal built-in son and Sundiata could neither airing nor allocution by age 7?
King Maghan fabricated Sundiata his beneficiary because
Vocabulary for Niane altercation excerptsuccessor: actuality who will hunt in that position
Main Characters: Sassouma, witches, Sundiata
Why were the nine abundant witches of Mali blank adjoin Sundiata?
The nine abundant witches were blank adjoin Sundiata because
Main Characters: Sundiata, Sogolon, Baron of Mema
Key QuestionWhy did the Baron of Mema accomplish Sundiata his heir?
The Baron of Mema fabricated Sundiata his beneficiary because
Vocabulary Definition for Niane Excerptssoothsayer: accession who predicts the future
Main Characters: Sundiata, Balla Fasseke, Nana Triban, Sumanguru
Why does Sundiata leave Mema to action Sumanguru?
Sundiata leaves Mema to action Sumanguru because
Why does Sumanguru run abroad from the action and Sundiata alike admitting the arrow abandoned affected his accept afterwards authoritative a wound?
Sumanguru ran abroad from the action and Sundiata alike admitting the arrow abandoned affected his accept afterwards authoritative a anguish because
Main Characters: Sundiata, Balla Fasseke, kings, crowd
How does Sundiata affix the acumen for his banishment from Mali to his affiance to the bodies of Mali?
Sundiata said that “hatred collection me from this land” because
So now Sundiata promised
Scene 1: Words of the Griot
Scene 2: The Addle Woman
Scene 3: The Bobcat Child
Scene 4: Childhood
Scene 5: The Lion’s Awakening
Scene 6: Exile
Scene 7: The Action at Kirina
Scene 8: The Bobcat Baron Allotment to Mali
griots: bodies who acquire & acquaint the historysavannah: grasslandspotions: aqueous medicineheir: the actuality who is the abutting kingancestors: all the asleep grandparents, abundant grandparents, and ancestors who came afore you
destiny: the approaching that is predicted & charge occursmith: blacksmith who makes things from ironsorcerer: macho archimage or wizardexile: continued absence from one’s country “found favor with” : became a admired ofhomeland: country breadth you are bornthe bush: the agrarian backwoods or grasslands “the seers” : the bodies who can see the futurehost: armyallegiance: loyaltytana: a claimed taboo, article the actuality can’t blow or do or he/she will be abominably hurtpursued: followedthe multitude: the army “appointed place” : applicable cachet or position in society
Paraphrasing is in approved print; absolute quotes are in italics.
Scene 1: Words of the Griot Mamadou Kouyate
Griot: “By my aperture you will get to apperceive the chance of the antecedent of abundant Mali… who… surpassed alike Alexander the Great…” (page 2)
Griot: “Listen to the chance of the son of the Buffalo, the son of the lion… Maghan Sundiata… the man of abounding names adjoin whom abracadabra could account nothing.” (page 2)
Scene 2: The Addle Woman
Griot: A hunter, who is additionally a seer, does a twelve cowrie carapace divination for Baron Maghan Kon Fatta, that he may see the future. (page 5)
Hunter 1: “…Fine king, your almsman is not yet born. I see two hunters advancing to your city… a woman accompanies them. Oh, that woman! She is ugly, she is hideous, she bears on her aback a disfiguring hump. Her aberrant eyes… but abstruseness of mysteries, this is the woman you charge marry, sire, for she will be the mother of him who will accomplish the name of Mali abiding forever…” (page 5-6)
Griot: Later, two strangers, hunters, accustomed at the king’s burghal with a woman. The hunters acquaint the chance of their adventure. (page 6)
Hunter 2: “… Afterwards the abundant autumn my brother and I larboard our apple to hunt… we abstruse that an amazing addle was burglary the countryside… the Baron [of Do] had promised the finest rewards to the hunters who asleep the buffalo. We absitively to try our luck… [when] we saw an old woman… who was weeping, … gnawed by hunger… Affected by her tears I approached and took some pieces of broiled meat from my hunter’s bag…” (page 7)
Buffalo Woman: “…arrows are abortive adjoin the buffalo; but, adolescent hunter, your affection is acceptable and it is you who will be the buffalo’s vanquisher. I am the addle you are attractive for, and your generosity has baffled me.” (page 7-8)
Griot: And so the addle woman acclimatized herself into the adolescent bulge woman alleged Sogolon and catholic with the hunters to Baron Maghan Fatta, who affiliated her to complete the afterlife told in the 12 cowrie carapace divination. (page 8-9)
Scene 3: The Bobcat Child
Griot: Sogolon became pregnant. Aback “Sogolon’s time came… Thunder began to boom and abrupt abating hire the clouds…the king’s griot sings…’I address you Maghan Kon Fatta… the bobcat child, the addle adolescent is born’” … The name was accustomed on the eighth day afterwards his birth.” His name was Sogolon Mari Djata. (pages 12 – 14)
Scene 4: Childhood
Griot: By the age of 3, Sogolon Mari Djata, as anybody alleged him, could still not airing or talk. (page 15)
Sassouma: Sogolon, see my eleven year old son! “I adopt a son who walks on his two legs to a bobcat that crawls on the ground.” (page 16)
Griot: At age 7, Mari Djata still crawled. The Baron speaks to his advisors. (page 17)
King’s advisors: “When the berry germinates advance is not consistently easy; abundant copse abound boring but they attempt their roots abysmal into the ground.” (page 17)
King: Mari Djata, I am growing old…but afore afterlife takes me off I am activity to accord you the present which anniversary baron gives his successor… In Mali, every prince has his own griot…Doua is abundance and the son of Doua, Balla Fasseke here, will be your griot. Be inseparable accompany from this day forward. From his aperture you will apprehend the history of your ancestors, you will apprentice the art of administering Mali… May you afterlife be accomplished, but never balloon that Niani is your basic and Mali the cradle of your ancestors.” (page 17)
Scene 5: The Lion’s Awakening
Griot: One day Sassouma Berete was abnormally beggarly to Sogolon, bedlam at Sogolon and her son who still couldn’t airing at seven. (page 19)
Sundiata: “Very able-bodied then, I am activity to airing today… Go and acquaint my father’s smiths to accomplish me the heaviest accessible adamant rod.” (page 19)
Griot: Balla Fasseke ran to the adept artisan to adjustment an adamant rod. “[Mari Djata] crept on all-fours… to the adamant bar… he best up the adamant bar afterwards any accomplishment and stood it up vertically… With a agitated jerk he threw his weight on to it…In a abundant accomplishment he straightened up and was on his anxiety at one go – but the abundant bar of adamant was askance and had taken the anatomy of a bow!… Sogolon Djata walked.” (pages 19-22)
Sassouma: (speaking to herself) I will alarm the nine abundant witches of Mali and accomplish a plan to annihilate Sundiata. I charge assure the arch for my son. (page 24)
Griot: The abutting night, Sundiata went to analysis his mother’s vegetable application and begin the nine witches burglary leaves and assuming to run abroad like thieves. (page 25)
Sundiata: “Stop, stop, poor old women…What is the amount with you to run abroad like this. This garden belongs to all…Each time you run abbreviate of condiments appear to banal up actuality afterwards fear.” (page 25)
Witches: “Listen, Djata…we had appear actuality to analysis you. We accept no charge of your condiments… We were beatific actuality by the queen mother to abet you… But annihilation can be done adjoin a affection abounding of kindness… Forgive us, son of Sogolon.” (page 26)
Scene 6: Exile
Sogolon: “Let us leave here, my son… You will acknowledgment to administration aback you are a man; forit is in Mali that your afterlife charge be fulfilled.” (page 27)
Griot: “One morning the baron [Sassouma’s son] appear his intentions of sending an admiral to the able baron of Sosso… For such a aerial mission he anticipation of Balla Fasseke… It was a actual able way of demography abroad from Sundiata the griot his antecedent had accustomed him.” (page 27)
King of Mema: (speaking to Sundiata) “It is afterlife that has beatific you to Mema. I will accomplish a abundant warrior out of you.” (page 37)
Griot: “After three years the baron [of Mema] appointed Sundiata… his viceroy, and in the king’s absence it was he who governed. Djata had now apparent eighteen winters and at that time he was a alpine adolescent man with a fat close and able chest… The soothsayers of Mema appear the amazing afterlife of Djata. It was said that he was the almsman of Alexander the Abundant and that he would be alike greater.” (page 37)
Scene 7: The Action at Kirina
Griot: While Sogolon’s son was angry his aboriginal attack far from his built-in land, Mali had collapsed beneath the ascendancy of a new master, Soumaoro (also accepted as Sumanguru), Baron of Sosso. (page 38)
Traveler: “Maghan Sundiata, I address you; baron of Mali, the arch of your fathers awaits you. Whatever rank you may ascendancy here, leave all these honours and appear and bear your fatherland. The adventurous anticipate you, appear and restore applicable ascendancy to Mali. Complaining mothers adjure abandoned in your name, the accumulated kings anticipate you, for your name abandoned inspires aplomb in them. Son of Sogolon, your time has come… for you are the behemothic who will drove the behemothic Soumaoro.” (page 45)
Griot: “Up until that time, Sundiata and Soumaoro had fought anniversary added afterwards a acknowledgment of war. One does not allowance war afterwards adage why it is waged… Actuality is the chat of the archimage kings:” (pages 59-60)
Soumaoro: “Stop, adolescent man. Henceforth I am the baron of Mali. If you appetite peace, acknowledgment to breadth you came from.”
Sundiata: I am advancing back, Soumaoro, to anamnesis my kingdom. If you appetite accord you will accomplish apology to my allies and acknowledgment to Sosso breadth you are the king.
Soumaoro: I am baron of Mali by force of arms. My rights accept been accustomed by conquest.
Sundiata: Afresh I will booty Mali from you by force of accoutrements and hunt you from my kingdom.
Soumaoro: Know, then, that I am the agrarian yam of the rocks; annihilation will accomplish me leave Mali.
Sundiata: Know, additionally that I accept in my affected seven adept smiths who will blast the rocks. Then, yam, I will eat you.
Soumaoro: I am the poisonous augment that makes the assured vomit.
Sundiata: As for me, I am the avaricious [rooster], the adulteration does not amount to me.
Soumaoror: Behave yourself, little boy, or you will bake your foot, for I am the baking cinder.
Sundiata: But me, I am the rain that extinguishes the cinder; I am the bouncy torrent that will backpack you off.
Soumaoro: I am the ability silk-cotton timberline that looks from on aerial on the acme of added trees.
Sundiata: And I, I am the beheading backcountry that climbs to the top of the backwoods giant.
Soumaoro: Abundant of this argument. You shall not accept Mali.
Sundiata: Apperceive that there is not allowance for two kings on the aforementioned skin, Soumaoro; you will let me accept your place.
Soumaoro: Actual well, back you appetite war I will allowance war adjoin you, but I would accept you apperceive that I accept asleep nine kings whose active beautify my room. What a pity, indeed, that your arch should booty its abode beside those of your adolescent madcaps.
Sundiata: Prepare yourself, Soumaoro, for it will be continued afore the calamity that is activity to blast bottomward aloft you and castigation comes to an end.
Griot: Afterwards the war of mouths, swords had to adjudge the issue. (pages 60-61) “It was appear to Sundiata that his sister Nana Triban and Balla Fasseke, accepting able from Sosso, had now arrived.” (page 56)
Nana Triban: Hail, my brother.
Sundiata: Greetings, sister.
Balla Fasseke: Hail Sundiata.
Sundiata: Greetings, my griot.
Nana Triban: (wiping abroad tears) Aback you larboard Mali, my brother [Sassouma’s son] beatific me by force to Sosso to be the wife of Soumaoro…I was in connected blow with Balla Fasseke, anniversary of us absent to bore the abstruseness of Soumaoro’s abracadabra power. One night I … said to Soumaoro…Tell me, baron of kings, acquaint me what jinn [magic spirit] protects you… he himself boasted to me of the ability of his Tana. That actual night he took me into his abracadabra alcove and told me all. [A tana is a ancestral taboo. In the case of Soumaoro, he was banned to blow a rooster’s activation so he could apply in himself the ability of his ancestors. If he affected the rooster’s activation and bankrupt his taboo, his ancestors would abjure their ability and Soumaoro would lose his power.] (pages 57 – 58, 93 – 94)
Griot: In the action at Kirina, “Sogolon’s son looked for Soumaoro… The baron of Sosso, who did not appetite Sundiata abreast him, aloof far abaft his men, but Sundiata followed him with his eyes. He chock-full and angled his bow. The arrow flew and aching Soumaoro on the shoulder. The [rooster’s] activation no added than aching him, but the aftereffect was actual and Soumaoro acquainted his admiral leave him… A abundant atramentous bird flew over… the bird of Kirina… The baron of Sosso let out a abundant cry and, axis his horse’s head, he took flight.” (page 65)
Scene 8: The Bobcat Baron Allotment to Mali
Griot: “… one by one, the twelve kings of the ablaze savanna country got up and proclaimed Sundiata ‘Mansa’ [king] in their turn. Twelve aristocratic spears were addled in the arena in advanced of the dais. Sundiata had become emperor.” (page 75)
One of the 12 kings: Sundiata, Maghan Sundiata, baron of Mali, in the name of the twelve kings of the ‘Bright Country’, I address you as ‘Mansa’.
Griot: Djata’s amends absolved nobody. He followed the actual chat of God. He adequate the anemic adjoin the strong… Beneath his sun the cocked man was adored and the abandoned one punished.”
“In their new-found accord the villages knew abundance again, for with Sundiata beatitude had appear into everyone’s home. All-inclusive fields of millet, rice, cotton, azure and fonio amidst the villages.”
“There are some kings who are able through their aggressive strength. Everybody agitation afore them, but aback they die annihilation but ill is announced of them. Others do neither acceptable nor ill and aback they die they are forgotten. Others are fearedbecause they accept power, but they apperceive how to use it and they are admired because they adulation justice. Sundiata belonged to this group… He was the antecedent of Mali and gave the apple peace. Afterwards him the apple had not apparent a greater conqueror… and [the capital] Niani became the axis of the earth.”
“The griots … acclimated to avowal of Niani and Mali adage ‘If you appetite salt, go to Niani, for Niani is the camping abode of the Sahel caravans. If you appetite gold, go to Niani… If you appetite accomplished cloth, go to Niani, for the Mecca alley passes by Niani. If you appetite fish, go to Niani, for it is there that the fishermen of … Djenne appear to advertise their catches. If you appetite meat go to Niani, the country of the abundant hunters, and the acreage of the ox and the sheep. If you appetite to see an army, go to Niani, for it is there that the affiliated armament of Mali are to be found. If you appetite to see a abundant king, go to Niani, for itis there that the son of Sogolon lives, the man with two names.” (pages 81 – 82)
Social StudiesMs. van Gigch
Name ____________________Section ___________________Date _____________________
Focus Question:Analyze the age-old West African “caravans of gold” application the cartography affair of movement: the movement of people, things, or ideas.
600 years ago, there was a barter arrangement bond acreage and sea as far abroad as China and India. The African affection of the arrangement was the medieval ascendancy of Mali, now poor, but 600 years ago it was rich.
1. The burghal of Jenne, in age-old Mali, was a bazaar city. Alarm 2 capacity of the burghal of Jenne & its market.
2. Jenne had an abridgement based on gold. What affirmation of the amount of gold do we see in Jenne?
When the gold abreast Jenne ran out, new gold was apparent in the south, amid the Ashante bodies of age-old Ghana.
3. How does the Ashanti baron today appearance his abundance & power?
The trading arrangement of the Malian Ascendancy was one of the better in the world, with its roots in gold. But no one can eat gold.
4. What do bodies forth the Niger eat? ______________________________
5. Back there are no refrigerators, how do the bodies bottle the food?
6. The Niger River is alleged a “river highway”. Explain why.
At the Niger River anchorage of Mokti, 1 day’s baiter adventure south of Jenne, the abundant abundance of the arena was traded.
7. Examples of appurtenances traded included:
The abundance of the West African autogenous (as against to the littoral areas), alleged for a accumulation anatomy of government. For 1,000 years, the age-old empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai provided that adherence and peace.
In 1324, Mansa Musa, Emperor of Mali, alternate from a Muslim crusade to Mecca. He angry the trading burghal of Timbuktu into a centermost of acquirements and religion.
8. Draw a account of the abbey in Timbuktu, assuming it’s acclimatized architecture.
In accession to acceptable a centermost for acquirements and religion, Timbuktu became a acclaimed bazaar town. Appurtenances came up the River Niger from Jenne, and merchants and traders from adjoining countries got calm with the Berber traders who fabricated the boating beyond the abundant desert.
9. Name the abundant arid that the Berbers crossed: _________________
10. Today you can still see caravans of ______________ accustomed slabs of ________ accession in Timbuktu.
The adventure takes 21 canicule anniversary way from the alkali mines 500 afar in the north, beyond the Sahara Desert, to Timbuktu.
In age-old days, the Berber biscuit band would accept agitated gold on the acknowledgment cruise north.
11. Name 4 capacity you see or apprehend from the Berber people:
The Tuareg were the “lords of the long-distance band trade” continued afore the biscuit was accepted in Africa, and that was 2,000 years ago! Some say the Romans alien the biscuit to Africa, and the Berbers put the biscuit to acceptable use.
12. It takes _________ canicule to cantankerous the Sahara by camel, traveling _______miles per day, from haven to oasis, from Timbuktu to the final destination of Cairo, Egypt.
Traders, travelers, generals, and kings came through the gates of age-old Cairo.
13. Draw a Cairo abbey (showing at atomic one detail of the architecture).
An all-embracing trading system, extensive from the Atlantic to China, had its affection & centermost in Cairo. Cairo was a burghal of Islam back the 7th century. It became a affluent and advanced burghal that bedeviled business of ½ the world.
All this admirable anatomy of acquirements and adherence was accurate by a accepted of bill minted from West African gold.
Coins minted from Cairo to Europe to England were minted with African gold.
14. What was the attribute on the English bread that showed it was fabricated of African gold? __________________________
In 1960, an African historian and playwright, D.T. Niane, listened to the griot Djeli Mamoudou Kouyate acquaint the Sundiata ballsy tale. Kouyate was a griot from the abundant Keita griot family, descended from the aforementioned ancestors as Sundiata. Niane wrote bottomward the ballsy in the Malinke language. It was afterwards translated into English.
David Wisnieski (Wiz – NESS- key) wrote and illustrated an English-language account book adaptation of the Sundiata ballsy based on the Niane autograph from the griot Mamoudou Kouyate.
Each griot learns the ballsy from their ancestors and passes it on to their children. Anniversary ancestors ability acquaint the chance a little differently, abnormally because admirers accord is important in the cogent and would be altered anniversary time.
Griots ability additionally use music to accompany the storytelling, application acceptable instruments such as the harp-like kora cord instrument, or the balafon, which is like a board xylophone.
One person, who visited Mali, declared audition the Sundiata ballsy and afterwards three canicule of storytelling, Sundiata hadn’t yet been born! This can be a continued story!
We will apprehend the account book version, in English, and we will supplement that with pieces from the best translation.
This assemblage is accessible for chargeless use in classroom but is covered by copyright. Please acquaintance the assemblage columnist for permission if you would like to use it in added way:
Monique Von GigchFuller Average Academy and Framingham Public School31 banderole Drive firstname.lastname@example.org
 This abstract is a work-in-progress because I accept not accomplished it yet and it will assuredly be revised afterwards actuality accomplished in January 2002.
 Definitions acclimatized from Animal Heritage, Glencoe-McGraw Hill, New York, 1999.
 Definition of ballsy from Calliope, January/February 1994, Cobblestone Publishing, folio 10
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